Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana, Rajasthan


A Consortium Project

To empower 25,500 women farmers (SHG members) in 450 villages, 7 districts in Rajasthan

Centre for microFinance (CmF), Jaipur as a lead agency and six consortium partners are implementing MKSP project titled “Empowering women farmers through agriculture based livelihoods in Rajasthan”. MKSP is a sub component of National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) and it is supported by Ministry of Rural Development (Government of India) and Sir Ratan Tata Trust, Mumbai.





Background: Strengthening Rural Livelihoods under Sakh-Se-Vikas (SSV)

One of the core functions of CmF (Centre for microFinance)is to support programmes of community led micro finance and rural livelihoods. CmF is engaged in providing technical support strengthening the program. Initiatives have been taken to strengthen rural livelihoods to build on social and financial capital generated with SSV . Agriculture and livestock based livelihoods interventions were undertaken in selected clusters, where community institutions are mature. Our focus is on strengthening the livelihood of the poor through productivity enhancement in agriculture and livestock. Implementing the intervention is a challenge due to factors such as low landholdings, low fertility of soil, gravel mixed soil with low depth, arid or semi-arid zone, no or protective irrigation, poor literacy community etc. CmF played crucial role of designing agriculture and livestock based intervention suited to the community in consultation with partners and by drawing expert services.Major crops taken up under Kharif intervention were Bajra (pearl millet), Maize, Sorghum (Grain & Fodder) and pulses in Dholpur, Alwar, Bundi, Dungarpur and Tonk. Wheat and Mustard Crops are chosen for intervention in Rabi season across partners. Similarly, interventions on livestock based livelihoods were designed to enhance productivity through Goat and Dairy based livelihoods. These livelihoods intervention were supported under SSV through financial support from the Trust. The focus in both agriculture and livestock interventions was on improvingagriculture package of practices, animal rearing practices, while developing local cadre Krishi Sakhi and Pashu Sakhi.

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikarn Pariyojna (MKSP): An Introduction

MKSPwas planned to support additional families for strengthening their agriculture and livestock based livelihoods.MKSP project is a consortium project to empower 25,500 women farmers (SHG members), across 450 villages in 7 districts of Rajasthan with 6 field partners and CmF as lead agency with financial support from MKSP, a component of National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), a flagship program of MoRD , New Delhi, and from the Sir Ratan Tata Trust (SRTT) and Nabajbai Ratan Tata Trust (NRTT). MKSP`sfocusis onbuilding upon the social capital created under SSV and scaling-up the existing interventions.

The overall project outlay is of Rs 11.24 Croresfor 3 years starting from May 23, 2013. MoRD is contributing Rs 8.42 Crores under MKSP component of NRLM (National Rural Livelihood Mission) and the Trusts (SRTT and NRTT) support is Rs. 2.82 Crores.An addition support is mobilised to make interventions more comprehensive from Heifer Project International (HPI)of Rs 1.61 Crores for supporting livestock based livelihoods. Similarly, the Trusts is agreed to extend additional support of Rs 1.31 Crores,bringing to total support to tune of Rs 4.13 Crores from the Trusts to MKSP project.


-  Promoting sustainable livelihoods of rural households through an improved farming system approach (agriculture and livestock).

-  Enhancing household level income through enhancing productivity in agriculture and livestock.

-  Building market linkages through women-led Producer Companies.

Proposed Outputs:

Upscaling livelihood interventions under SSV to additional 25,500 women farmers by organizing them into producer collectives in 450 villages across 19 blocks of seven districts of Rajasthan.

-  25,500 families will be covered under agriculture productivity interventions; and 12,000 out of these would be under livestock interventions.

-  Increase in productivity to the tune of 30-50% for various crops, namely Pearl Millet, Sorghum, Maize, Pulses, Wheat and Mustard.

-  Four Producer Companies will be formed - two for milk marketing and two for input linkages and marketing produce. Federations would play a critical role of supplying inputs to households

-  150 Trained Livestock Service Providers (Pashu Sakhi) will be available within the villages for providing healthcare services to members.

-  900 Trained Agriculture Service Providers (Krishi Sakhi) will be available for providing technical support to farmers on improved Package of Practices (PoP).

-  Formal linkages with agricultural universities to strengthen the capacity of extension workers under the project.
Expected Impact:

At the end of proposed three years, the following impact is expected:

-  The project will enhance food security by 3-4 months for all the farmers.

-  Farmers will have incremental income of Rs 8,000 - Rs. 12,000 per annum from agriculture interventions, provided rainfall is normal.

-  Farmers will have incremental income of Rs 5,000 - Rs. 8,000 per annum from livestock interventions

-  Improved knowledge and skill levels of women farmers will lead to better sustainable agriculture practices and better management of livestock.

-  Cadre of local service providers, who are linked with the Federations/Producer Companies, will be available for the farmers at the village level.

-  Kitchen Gardens and increased milk production will enhance the nutrition level of the households.

The Consortium Partners*

1.   Centre for microFinance, Jaipur: Lead Agency
2.   PRADAN, Dholpur
3.   GDS, Ajmer
4.   SRIJAN, Tonk and Bundi
5.   PEDO, Dungarpur
6.   IBTADA, Alwar

The Operational Areas

MKSP has been planned in 19 selected blocks of 7 districts i.e. Alwar, Dholpur, Dausa, Tonk, Bundi, Ajmer and Dungarpur. The list of blocks indicating each NGO partner is given below:

District Name

Block names

NGO name

1. Ajmer



2. Alwar

(2) Laxmangarh, (3) Ramgarh, (4) Thanagazi, (5) Umren


3. Bundi

(6) Bundi, (7) K-Patan, (8) Nainwa


4. Dausa

(9) Dausa

Saheli Samiti

5. Dholpur

(10) Bari, (11) Baseri, (12) Dholpur


6. Dungarpur

(13)Aspur, (14) Bicchiwara, (15) Dongerpur, (16) Simalwara


7. Tonk

(17) Deoli, (18) Niwai, (19) Uniyara


MKSP Roll Out and Progress for FY 2013-14

During 2013-14, the focus was on strengthening and enhancing outreach of agriculture and livestock based livelihoods for productivity enhancement through MKSP project to 11,413 households (Kharif: 5,925 hhs, Rabi: 2,988 hhs, livestock 2500 hhs) and development of locale cadre as a service provider i.e. Krishi Sakhi and Pashu Sakhi.

Preparatory Phase

We prepared ourselves for roll out of MKSP to commence as soon as funds are released by the government. We organized a partners` meet and developed partner wise implementation plans and budget details. Identification of villages, profiling of local cadre to identify and select Krishi Sakhi and Pashu Sakhi, identification of SHGs and women farmers was the major preparatory work; which was done before Kharif at field level. At CmF level, we provided intensive support to partners at field level for activities mentioned above and simultaneously we developed Kharif crop PoP and other training and extension materials with the help of a technical consultant.

Agriculture Intervention

In the Kharif season we identified and selected 6,377 families and around 1,800 Ha land for MKSP implementation. We worked with six partners. Major crops covered were Bajra (Pearl Millet) Maize, Sorghum (Fodder) and Pulses. 3,425 families were covered under Bajra, 1,999 in Maize, 433 families in Pulses and 500 families in Sorghum.

We have identified more than 400 women farmers to develop them as Krishi Sakhis under MKSP project. We have selected and given training to 360 Krishi Sakhis (KS). It is noteworthy that Krishi Sakhis have started to get recognition as Agriculture service providers at the village level. They are getting a good response from the farmers.

CmF provided support at field level to all the partners in building capacity of this cadre. We participated in Krishi Sakhi training and organized Kharif crop production training forField Coordinators Agriculture (FCA) and Subject Matter Specialists (SMS) in research institutes i.e. Kharif crop training at MaharanaPratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur and KVK (Krishi Vigyan Kendra), Chomu.

Following major activities have been undertaken by CmF and partners for Kharif intervention:

1. Development of extension materials on Package of Practices (PoP) in the form of Flex for Krishi Pathshala, Farmers Diary for all the farmers and Krishi Pathshala Register both for Kharif Crops, with the support from our Agriculture experts.

2. 163 Krishi Pathshalas has been established across the partners.

3. Provided intensive trainings of field level staff and community service providers to build their capacities,

4. Ensured handholding support to farmer households to adopt the PoPs through the KS ,

5. Ensured availability of agri-inputs through the existing community institutions namely clusters and federations,

6. Developed institutional collaborations with Agriculture Universities, Research Stations, Krishi VigyanKendras (KVK) etc. for regular support in the project implementation,

7. Developed monitoring systems at farmer level to measure changes in income and expenditure from agriculture and livestock interventions.

8. We worked on developing Detailed Project Report (DPR) and Inception Report for MKSP project to submit to RGAVP and MKSP, NRLM, MoRD, GoI.

9. A baseline study was carried out with 3100 families under MKSP by an expert agency.

In the Rabi season, outreach of the Agriculture interventions covered2,933 women farmers. Major crops covered under Rabi intervention are Wheat and Mustard. 1,745 families have been covered under Wheat and 1,138 families have been covered under Mustard. We have also initiated Maize seed production with 50 families in this Rabi season.

PoP was developed for Wheat and Mustard with the support of experts from partners and external resource persons and inputs from Directorate of Rapeseed – Mustard Reaserch (DRMR), Bharatpur. CmF has developed extension material of POP Flex, Farmers Diary and Krishi Pathshala Register of Wheat and Mustard, which will be used by Krishi Sakhis and Field Coordinators at village level, for giving training to farmers.

Three days of technical training on Agriculture was organized at DRMR, Bharatpur in Sep, 2013 for SMS and FCA under MKSP.A total 26 FCA and SMS from partners participated in this training. As per the MKSP project, during the current Rabi season all our MKSP partners have ensured the availability of inputs to the farmers though the SHG federation. i.e. Seed, Seed treatment Material and other fertilizers.

Technical Support

The Support provided by CmF included:
• Preparation of the Package of Practices of Crops suitable to SHG members` local context
• Development of Extension Material and monitoring cards
• Development of training modules
• Provision of field training to community facilitators and Krishi Sakhis
• Providing experts to the field for review and technical support

Livestock based Livelihoods

CmF worked with four of our SSV partners to strengthen and promote livestock based livelihoods and covered 28,19 families in dairying during the year. To support livestock intervention at the door step of rearers,150 Pashu Sakhis (PS) from women SHGs were identified, selected and developed as local cadre. 15 Field Coordinators Livestock (FCL) and six Livestock Assistants (LSAs)have been deployed to work on livestock intervention and to provide regular support to these Pashu Sakhis and community.

The following work was done by CmF and NGO Partners under AH intervention:

1. Prepared detailed year wise plans and budgets for each partner.

2. Organized an event for Cornerstone Training for all MKSP partners, which was facilitated by experts from HPI.

3. Organized orientation training and ToT on Cornerstone for PS and FCL.

4. Training of farmers on Improved Animal Management (IAM) practices has been initiated with new families covered under MKSP project.



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